What Are The Reasons For Saying Tashahud In Every Salat?

Attahiyyaat is a very important 'Dua'  we repeat it in our daily prayers.

When I came to know the background, it actually melted my heart. 

Attahiyat is actually a part of a conversation between Our Creator Allah SWT and our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) during his journey of Al Isra Wal Miraj. 

When Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) met Allah SWT, he didn't say 'Assalam aleikum'. 

What is someone going to say when he meets Allah SWT ? 

We can't wish Him peace because ALL sources of peace are through Him. 

So Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:

"Attahiyyaatu Lillahi Was Salawatu Wattayyibatu"

(All compliments, all prayer and worship are for Allah) 

Allah replied:

"Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabiyyu 'Warahmatullahi Wabarka'tuhu"

(Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet and Allah's Mercy and Blessings). 

To this, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) replied: 

"Assalamu Alaina Wa'ala'Ibadillahis Saa'liheen"

(Peace be on us and on all good slaves of Allah) 


Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) included "us" in his reply... 

(and on all good slaves of Allah)

And listening to this conversation between Allah and His Messenger (pbuh), the Angels said: 

"Ash'had'u'un La ilahaillallahu Wa Ash'hadu Anna Muhammadun Abd'uhu Wa Rasooluh"

(I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger). 

How To Recite Tashahud 

التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلّهِ، وَالصَّلَوَاتُ، وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ، السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ للّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ. أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَاّ اللّهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

All greetings of humility are for Allah, and all prayers and goodness. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.

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