The Simplification and Clarification of the Description of the Prayer




The Simplification and Clarification of the description of the prayer"

▪️By Shaykh Hassan bin Muhammed Ba Shu'ayb 
-May Allah preserve him-

Saying Aameen after the Fātihah:
▪️Audibly saying Aameen in audible prayers:

The Madhab of the majority of the scholars is:

That saying Aameen audibly by the Imām and those attending the congregation behind him, in prayers which are audible, is Mustahab, and doing it inaudible in what is prayed inaudible.

Its proof:

1- The Hadīth of Waail bin Hujr, may AlLāh be pleased with him, he said:

The Messenger of AlLāh ﷺ would when reciting:
(وَلَا ٱلضَّآلِّينَ)
"nor of those who went astray".
[Al-Fatihah:7]

Say: 
(آمِينَ)
"Aameen" 

And he would raise his voice.

Reported by Ahmad (316/4), and Abō Dāwūd (933), and it has been authenticated by our Shaykh Al-Wādi’ī, may AlLāh have mercy upon him, in Al-Jaami' As-Sahih (945).

2- The narration from Ibn Jurayj, he said:

I said to Attaa: 

Did Ibn Zubayr say Aameen at the end of the Ummul-Quraan (the Fātihah)?

He said: 

Yes, and those behind him would say Aameen, until the point the Masjid would roar.

And then he said:

The "Aameen" is a supplication, Abō Hurayrah would enter the Masjid and the Imam would already started before him, and he would say:

Don't beat me to the Aameen.

Reported by Abdurrazaaq (2640) and its chain of narration is authentic.

3- The narration from Abō Raafi' that Abō Hurayrah would make Adhān for Marwaan bin Al-Hakam, and stipulated upon him to not beat him to the:
(وَلَا ٱلضَّآلِّينَ)
"nor of those who went astray".
[Al-Fatihah:7]

Until he knew that he (Abō Hurayrah) entered into the row, when Marwaan would say:
(وَلَا ٱلضَّآلِّينَ)
"nor of those who went astray".
[Al-Fātihah:7]

Abō Hurayrah would say:
(آمِينَ)
"Aameen" 

And lengthen his voice, and he said:

If the Aameen of the people of the earth coincides with that of the people of the heavens they are forgiven.

Reported by Bayhaqi (85/2), and Albānī said:

Its chain of narration is authentic.

End of speech from the basis of As-Siffah (381/1), and As-Silsilah Ad-Daeefah (369/2).

Ibn Hazm, may AlLāh have mercy upon him, said:

This is the action of the companions, may AlLāh be pleased with them.

End of speech from Al-Muhalla (158/3).

Albānī, may Allah have mercy upon him said, if nothing has come from other than Abō Hurayrah and Ibn Zubayr from the companions, contrary to saying it audibly which is authentic from them, then the heart is at ease with taking it also, and I don't know of any narration opposing this, and AlLāh knows best.

End of speech from As-Silsilah Ad-Da'eefah (369/2).
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