What are the Prohibitions of Fasting on the days of Tashriq

 




On these days, the pilgrims complete their hajj rites. All Muslims continue with the 'id celebrations, and are prohibited from fasting. On one of the Days of Tashriq, Abdullah Bin 'Amr Bin al-'Ās (رضي الله عنه) visited his father 'Amr, he invited him to eat with him, but 'Abdullāh declined, saying, _"I am fasting."_ So 'Amr commanded him:

“Eat, because these are the days during which the Messenger (ﷺ) commanded us to eat and prohibited us from fasting.”_ [Recorded by Malik, Abu Dawud, and others. Verified to be authentic by al-Albānī (Sahihu Abi Dawud no. 2089 and Irwa' ul-Ghalil no. 963)]

Ka'b Bin Malik (رضي الله عنه) reported that on one of the Days of Tashriq, Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) sent him, together with Aws Bin al Hadathan (رضي الله عنه), to announce to the people:

“The Days of Mina [1] are days of eating and drinking.”

[1] They are thus named because the pilgrims stay in Mina during them

[Recorded by Muslim, Ahmad, and others (Irwa'ul-Ghalil no. 963)]

Similarly, the Prophet (ﷺ) commanded 'Abdullah Bin Huthafah to ride his camel among the people on one of the Days of Mina and announce: 

“No one may fast (these days), because they are days of eating and drinking.”_ [Recorded by at-Tahawi and Aḥmad. Verified to be authentic by al-Albānī (Irwa'ul Ghalil no. 963)]

Imām al-Albānī (رحمه الله) said:

"This (meaning) is also reported from 'Ali Bin Abi Talib, Sa'd Bin Abi Waqqas, 'Abdullāh Bin Huthāfah, Nubayshah al-Huthalī, (an unnamed) companion of the Prophet (ﷺ), Bishr Bin Suhaym, the mother 'Umar Bin Khaldah az-Zuraqī, al-Hakam az-Zuraqī, Umm Mas'ud, and Ibn 'Umar (ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ). Therefore, this hadīth is mutawatir (narrated by a large group of people).” [See as-Sahihah no. 1282]

The only people who are allowed to fast on the Days of Tashriq are pilgrims who cannot find hady [2], in which case they would be required to fast three days during hajj and seven when they return. 'A'ishah and Ibn 'Umar (ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ) reported:

_“No one was permitted (by the Prophet) to fast on the Days of Tashriq - except for those who could not find hady.”_ [Recorded by al-Bukhārī, at-Tahawī, and others (Irwa' ul-Ghalil no. 964)] 

[2] Either because they cannot afford the hady, or because there are no animals available to sacrifice

Ibnkhaer

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